When was Franz Schmidt born?
Born in 1874 in Pozsony (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire), Franz Schmidt was a musical prodigy, first learning the piano. He became a virtuoso cellist, performing extensively with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and many chamber ensembles, and a respected conductor.
What did Franz Schmidt compose?
It is his compositions, though, that have earned Schmidt his place in musical history – even if it's only in recent years that his music is being heard in concert halls again. The Austrian composer destroyed many of his early works, but went on to become a symphonist of some stature – his four symphonies were written in 1899, 1913, 1928 and 1933. He also composed two operas, Notre Dame and Fredigundis, and the oratorio Book of the Seven Seals.
As a composer, he was greatly admired by the Nazi authorities, and was commissioned to write a cantata titled ‘The German Resurrection’, which, following the collapse of Nazism marked him out as a Nazi sympathiser.
When did Franz Schmidt die?
Schmidt died at the age of 64, in 1939. His first wife Karoline had been confined to a mental hospital in Vienna, and was consequently murdered in 1942 as part of the Nazi’s euthanasia operation. Their first child Emma also died unexpectedly after the birth of her own first child.
Freya Parr is BBC Music Magazine's Digital Editor and Staff Writer. She has also written for titles including the Guardian, Circus Journal, Frankie and Suitcase Magazine, and runs The Noiseletter, a fortnightly arts and culture publication. Freya's main areas of interest and research lie in 20th-century and contemporary music.